Reform Agenda and Mechanisms to effect a systems Change in constitution and key policies.
The People’s Charter of Emancipation shall seek constitutional changes and introduction of key policies that will result in a profoundly different system of governance, economic structure and social fabric of Ghanaian society. The People’s Charter shall seek to effect the following changes in governance, the economy and social reconstruction.
- Have constitutionally inclusive government by general elections that shall be won by a simple majority of the Presidential candidate with the highest votes. No second rounds of voting shall be required. The Presidential Candidate with the highest votes has the first opportunity to form a government that will have a clear majority of seats in parliament either on its own or by coalition with one or more political entities that have parliamentary seats. Failure to form and/or maintain a government with a majority in parliament may lead to a fresh general election within one year of its occurrence if a vote of no confidence with a two thirds majority is cast in parliament to that effect.
- Constitutionally limit the excessive powers of the Presidency in favour of devolved power to the people through a series of measures that include a limit on range of appointments, control of budget, structure of governance and independence of civil service including sensitive government institutions (Judiciary and Army).
- Extend the tenure for Presidential office to one term of 6 years. This will help increase opportunity of continuity to enable completion of programs and also to protect against self-serving power hungry temptations to steal or divert public funds for a second term campaign. The exception that will permit a sitting president to contest a second term shall be only if he/she gains an average of at least eighty percent (80%) approval rating in the fifth year of the first six year term. The poll must be conducted by at least three reputable independent bodies one of which must be an international body of known repute and impartiality.Failure to attain the 80% approval rating automatically precludes the sitting candidate from contesting all subsequent presidential elections.
- Devolve power to Regions and re-designate regions as the tier for local government instead of Districts. This will give a new economy of scale that is functional and be a more attractive location for a hub of highly qualified technocrats needed to run the regions. Increase number of regions to 20 over the next 10 years. Regions will serve as provincial growth points to reduce current gross imbalance in infrastructure development between them and national capital, The latter continues to expand at the expense of regional capitals under the current system.
- Make District and Municipality boundaries synonymous with Constituency boundaries, so that sum of all Districts and Municipal Assemblies are the same as the total number of constituencies. Eliminate the position of DCEs and MCEs and designate their functions to the elected Parliamentarians in each constituency. Parliamentarians upon election shall therefore work as both the Executive Official and the Parliamentary representative. It is an inconsistency for Ministers to be the spending officers at as head of Ministries and the MP to be divorced from executive function in their constituency.
- Constituencies (District Assemblies and Municipal Assemblies) shall be underpinned by Community Assemblies that correspond strictly with electoral areas with known polling stations at fixed locations.
- A general assembly of parliamentarians shall be convened for two weeks in every quarter to pass legislation. The rest of the time will be spent in their constituencies. Hotel accommodation shall be provided to parliamentarians during periods of call through a PPP arrangement. This will make further savings on staffing, houses, cars and travel expenses.
- Members of Parliament shall no longer serve as Ministers in the executive. Ministers shall be recruited from public or private sector at the behest of the President.
- Ministers shall be appointed purely on merit of proficiency and competence from among all Ghanaians irrespective of partisan leanings.
- Ghanaians with dual nationality shall be entitled to hold any public office including the Presidency provided they were Ghanaian at Birth and have two Ghanaian parents.
- Private members bill shall permitted and encouraged.
- Financial system shall be influenced to redirect investment into productive sectors of the economy in conformity with the declared objective of changing the architecture of the economy.
- Thirty-five to forty percent of national budget shall be allocated to local governments by law to be administered from regions as centres of local government and focal points for industrial growth.
- Interest rates for commercial lending shall be capped at fifteen percent (15%) percent. Rapacious activity of loan sharks shall be banned and eliminated.
- A special window for agricultural lending (including agro-processing) shall be opened with interest rates set at 8% or less.
- A savings culture shall be promoted in public and private life.
- Local entrepreneurs will be put into a position of enhanced competitiveness through a weighted procurement process that will aim to develop the top 15 Ghanaian owned companies in every sub sectlor.
- Travel – With exception of the President and Vice President and Minister for Foreign Affairs, Travel abroad by public officials for official business shall be restricted only to the most essential and certainly no more than one trip per official per annum for the Ministers and senior technocrats, irrespective of whether trips are funded by government budget or not.
- Emoluments – Ex gratia for Presidents, Vice Presidents, Ministers and Parliamentarians will be paid only once irrespective of the number of tenures in office.
- Housing will be provided for only the most senior government officials of the rank of cabinet Ministers and above only during their tenure of office.
- Members of parliament (ordinarily resident in their constituencies) will be accommodated for only two weeks in every quarter during parliamentary sessions at the capital city. It is proposed that for this purpose a PPP should be used to build a five-star hotel with relevant amenities in the area behind parliament. The hotel shall be privately managed with government having an equity share holding for its contribution of land. Government will also get special rates for guaranteed block bookings for 300 plus for two weeks in every quarter.
- Social reconstruction shall target the younger generation to influence emergence of more patriotic citizens with enduring positive values and attitudes that foster meritocracy, pragmatism and integrity within the ethos of social justice.
- All youth between the ages of 16 to 30 shall serve at least 2 years of compulsory military service with option to extend it for additional two (2) years. Training shall be district based.
- For regular ranks the additional two (2) year extension of the military service shall be contingent on recruitment into a technical training course with intention of passing a guilds certification at the end of the two year period.
- Officer corps may complete a further 2 years as national service after or during completion of tertiary education.
- Citizen’s complaints desk shall be set up in every public and private office of corporate institutions and organizations. Complaints shall be addressed at community, constituency and national level. Justice shall be administered swiftly and with certainty with emphasis on the top public officials and heads of large corporations that operate foul of the law.
- The Chieftaincy system shall be reviewed to help modernize it by ensuring that each Ghanaian enjoys their full rights as citizens of the republic regardless of allegiance to cultural rulers. The medieval nature of traditional rule shall be modernized to better reflect a twenty first century republic.
We therefore herein declare our intention to join in coalition under the National Interest Movement to fight for the realization of our declared intent to win the Presidency through our collective support for a single independent Presidential candidate for NIM and nominated parliamentary candidates for NIM so as to form a majority in government.
To this end we the undersigned append our signatures as testimony that we have adopted the aforesaid charter for change.